Global gun violence and laws compared — by the numbers

After a gunman in Uvalde, Texas killed at least 19 schoolchildren and at least two teachers in yet another horrifying shooting in the United States this week, Europeans are once again puzzled by the lax gun laws in the U.S. compared with international standards.

While the death rates involving firearms are even higher in South American countries, the U.S. stands out not only compared with other high-income countries when it comes to the number of deaths involving firearms but also with hardly any license requirements to own a gun. Only a handful of U.S. states require such licenses for gun owners. Gun ownership per capita is at a striking 121 firearms per 100 people in the U.S., while it is below 20 in European countries such as Germany and France. Here are the numbers and gun laws worldwide compared, in four maps and charts.