Through Struggle, Bolivia Became the Center of the World

Bolivian foreign minister Rogelio Mayta says that anywhere people are fighting against imperialism and neoliberalism can’t be considered part of the “periphery.” They’re at the center of the world.


Demonstrators gather in La Paz during a demonstration headed by Bolivian president Luis Arce and former president Evo Morales, November 29, 2021. (Martín Silva / AFP via Getty Images)

Humanity finds itself at a crucial moment. It’s not only war and climate change that threaten life on our planet. Ideologies and some people do, too.

We know that money and the production of wealth and well-being have created an ever greater and more profound gap between people, neighborhoods, cities, and countries, a gap that has been exacerbated by the pandemic.

So I’d like us to stop thinking of ourselves as a poor periphery in a process of globalization, which has been unequal, colonial, and racist.

In Bolivia, since the beginning of this century, we have battled some of the most important and decisive questions for the future of the human race: water, our sacred coca leaf, the goods we have which we can share thanks to the generosity of the Pachamama, and, of course, the right to make decisions collectively about our lives.

Each battle, each sacrifice made from places like El Alto (en La Paz) and Cochabamba, confronted and confronts us with the owners of power and money.

At the core of each one of our struggles is our overriding need to stay alive, to finally construct a world fit for all of us to live with dignity.

Not tomorrow, today. Bolivia is the center of the world. Just as North Dakota is, or Chiapas, or the poor neighborhoods of Caracas.

Yes, we are poor and far from the powerful centers of economic and political decision-making. But at the same time, we live at the center of the most important battles. Battles fought from our smallest trenches, communities, neighborhoods, cities, jungles, and forests.

What I’m describing to you isn’t merely a simple change of discourse. We want to think about ourselves differently, because if we do that, at the core of the true battle for life, we can look at the world and at our sisters and our brothers with new eyes. If we are condemned to be at the margins, we will not get far.

It is by constructing in this way, from the hundreds and thousands of centers in which life is defined, that we fight for what is most essential: water, food, shelter, education, dignity — perhaps from this we can construct a new horizon. Weaving together our needs, our achievements, even our errors, it’s possible to dismantle centuries of colonialism, of the brutal pillaging of our territories, and of the forced subjugation of our people.

In Bolivia, we have had to draw on our millennial old Aymara and Quechua traditions and knowledge; for example, peoples who define much of what this country is. But it’s not only indigenous-originating peoples who have fought against capital. Neither is it the obligation of one people to be the vanguard or the moral reserve for the human race.

We are what we are. We know, among ourselves, what our grandparents passed down to us. For that reason, from our lived experience, I invite you to begin this journey, firstly by reestablishing what is important, so that we can begin to view ourselves like the people in the streets of Cochabamba were viewed after the Water Wars, knowing that it is possible and that there is another life waiting behind the barricades, behind the strikes and the roadblocks, and that is our common heritage.

This also happened to us in October 2003, when El Alto was converted, for a few moments, into the center of the world. With sticks and with stones, with the will, the Aymara rejected the selling off of our riches — the death prescribed by a corrupt and foolish president.

There, in this burning epicenter, everything that matters was at play. The centers of power and global decision-making were our periphery. Without a doubt, I do not think we are the periphery. This mini-census is not intended to be paralyzing. Quite the opposite.

As a Bolivian, as an Aymara, as someone who has lived within one of the most decisive battles to change everything, I know that we can’t ignore the daily catastrophe we saw in Sri Lanka, in the boats filled with refugees in the Mediterranean, in that wall that separates North America from the rest of America, in the Aboriginal territories of Australia, or in the famine experienced by the girls and boys in La Guajira in Colombia.

To be able to view the immensity of our horizon, to be able to daydream when we look upon the Andean altiplano and its peaks, perhaps we should give ourselves a different perspective, a new center.

In Bolivia, like in so many other places, what’s at stake is not a set of goods or a piece of land, not even a government. We have fought to defend life itself, to nourish her and watch her grow with dignity. We do not know of anything more important to do in these difficult times.

We are the center of the world.


Adapted from a speech given to the second summit of the Progressive International.